What The World’s Healthiest Diets Have In Common

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Special Studies in Public Health. Introduction to Psychology core and major or Introduction to Sociology or Introduction to Anthropology. The Exercise-Cholesterol Link Researchers aren't entirely sure how exercise lowers cholesterol , but they are beginning to have a clearer idea. Litwin was President of Litwin Consulting LLC and he also co-developed and launched Patient Genesis, an innovative software platform used by health care providers to create, share and transfer knowledge to patients during the informed consent process. Efficacy of maintenance treatment approaches for childhood overweight: Anatomy and Physiology for Kinesiology. When I first came across the MedAvante-ProPhase job opening, I knew the skills I had acquired during my career up to that point would make me a strong candidate.

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Exercise To Lower Cholesterol

Please review the contents of the article and add the appropriate references if you can. Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed. Department of Agriculture and U. Department of Health and Human Services Retrieved December 15, Department of Health and Human Services.

News Reveals Best Diets Rankings for ". The New England Journal of Medicine. A meta-analysis of individual data for one million adults in 61 prospective studies". Southern California Urology Institute. Retrieved 21 April From Clinical Trial to Dinner Table". Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. The Cleveland Clinic Foundation. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Human nutritions and healthy diets.

Omnivore Entomophagy Pescetarian Plant-based. Bodybuilding supplements Meal replacement Therapeutic food. Liquid diets Very low calorie. Category Commons Cookbook Food portal, Health and fitness portal. Retrieved from " https: Articles needing additional medical references from March All articles needing additional references Articles requiring reliable medical sources. Views Read Edit View history.

Subsequently, there may be potential for capsaicinoids to be used as long-term, natural weight-loss aids. They stated that further long-term randomized trials are now needed to investigate these effects. In a systematic review, Onakpoya et al a evaluated the evidence for or against the effectiveness of glucomannan, a soluble fiber, in body weight reduction.

Hand searches of bibliography were also conducted. Outcomes of interest were body weight and BMI. A total of 18 trials were identified, and 9 were included. There was a variation in the reporting quality of the included RCTs. A meta-analysis random effect model of 8 RCTs revealed a non-statistically significant difference in weight loss between glucomannan and placebo mean difference [MD]: Adverse events included abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, and constipation.

The authors concluded that the evidence from available RCTs does not show that glucomannan intake generates statistically significant weight loss. They stated that future trials should be more rigorous and better reported. Onakpoya et al b noted that several slimming aids being sold as food supplements are widely available. One of them is pyruvate.

Its effectiveness in causing weight reduction in humans has not been fully established. The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of pyruvate in reducing body weight. Electronic and non-electronic searches were conducted to identify all relevant human RCTs. The bibliographies of all located articles were also searched.

No restrictions in language or time were applied. Two independent reviewers extracted the data according to predefined criteria. A total of 9 trials were identified and 6 were included. All had methodological weaknesses. The meta-analysis revealed a statistically significant difference in body weight with pyruvate compared to placebo MD: The magnitude of the effect is small, and its clinical relevance is uncertain.

Adverse events included gas, bloating, diarrhea, and increase in low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol. The authors concluded that the evidence from RCTs does not convincingly show that pyruvate is effective in reducing body weight; limited evidence exists about the safety of pyruvate. They stated that future trials involving the use of this supplement should be more rigorous and better reported.

The labeling of Saxenda states that liraglutide should not be used with insulin FDA, It also states that the the effects of liraglutide on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality have not been established.

The labeling states that the safety and efficacy of coadministration with other products for weight loss have not been established. In addition, liraglutide has not been studied in patients with a history of pancreatitis. Liraglutide for chronic weight management is contraindicated in the following conditions: Trial data showed that liraglutide, in combination with a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity, resulted in significantly greater weight loss than diet and physical activity alone.

The SCALE phase 3 clinical trial program of the safety and effectiveness of liraglutide for chronic weight management included three clinical trials that included approximately 4, obese and overweight patients with and without significant weight-related conditions FDA, All patients received counseling regarding lifestyle modifications that consisted of a reduced-calorie diet and regular physical activity.

Results from a clinical trial that enrolled patients without diabetes showed that patients had an average weight loss of 4. In this trial, 62 percent of patients treated with liraglutide lost at least 5 percent of their body weight compared with 34 percent of patients treated with placebo. Results from another clinical trial that enrolled patients with type 2 diabetes showed that patients had an average weight loss of 3.

In this trial, 49 percent of patients treated with liraglutide lost at least 5 percent of their body weight compared with 16 percent of patients treated with placebo. The FDA approved labeling states that patients using liraglutide should be evaluated after 16 weeks to determine if the treatment is working FDA, If a patient has not lost at least 4 percent of baseline body weight, liraglutide should be discontinued, as it is unlikely that the patient will achieve and sustain clinically meaningful weight loss with continued treatment.

Saxenda is a glucagon-like peptide-1 GLP-1 receptor agonist and should not be used in combination with any other drug belonging to this class, including Victoza, a treatment for type 2 diabetes FDA, Saxenda and Victoza contain the same active ingredient liraglutide at different doses 3 mg and 1. However, Saxenda is not indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, as the safety and efficacy of Saxenda for the treatment of diabetes has not been established.

Saxenda has a boxed warning stating that thyroid C-cell tumors have been observed in rodent studies with liraglutide but that it is unknown whether liraglutide causes thyroid C-cell tumors, including medullary thyroid carcinoma MTC , in humans FDA, Liraglutide causes dose-dependent and treatment-duration-dependent thyroid C-cell tumors at clinically relevant exposures in both genders of rats and mice.

It is unknown whether liraglutide causes thyroid C-cell tumors, including MTC, in humans, as the human relevance of liraglutide-induced rodent thyroid C-cell tumors has not been determined. The labeling states that liraglutide is contraindicated in patients with a personal or family history of MTC or in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 2 MEN 2 FDA, The labeling states that patients should be counseled regarding the risk of MTC with use of liraglutide and informed of symptoms of thyroid tumors e.

The labeling states that routine monitoring of serum calcitonin or using thyroid ultrasound is of uncertain value for early detection of MTC in patients treated with liraglutide. Serious side effects reported in patients treated with liraglutide for chronic weight management include pancreatitis, gallbladder disease, renal impairment, and suicidal thoughts FDA, Liraglutide can also increase heart rate and should be discontinued in patients who experience a sustained increase in resting heart rate.

Based on spontaneous postmarketing reports, acute pancreatitis, including fatal and non-fatal hemorrhagic or necrotizing pancreatitis, has been observed in patients treated with liraglutide Novo Nordisk, After initiation of liraglutide, patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis including persistent severe abdominal pain, sometimes radiating to the back and which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting.

If pancreatitis is suspected, liraglutide should promptly be discontinued and appropriate management should be initiated. If pancreatitis is confirmed, liraglutide should not be restarted.

Substantial or rapid weight loss can increase the risk of cholelithiasis; however, the incidence of acute gallbladder disease was greater in liraglutide-treated patients than in placebo-treated patients even after accounting for the degree of weight loss Novo Nordisk, If cholelithiasis is suspected, gallbladder studies and appropriate clinical follow-up are indicated. When liraglutide is used with an insulin secretagogue e.

The labeling recommends lowering the dose of the insulin secretagogue to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia. Renal impairment has been reported postmarketing, usually in association with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or dehydration, which may sometimes require hemodialysis Novo Nordisk, The labeling recommends using caution when initiating or escalating doses of liraglutide in patients with renal impairment.

Serious hypersensitivity reactions e. The labeling recommends that patients stop taking liraglutide and seek medical advice if symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions occur. Liraglutide should be discontinued in patients who experience suicidal thoughts or behaviors.

Liraglutide should be avoided in patients with a history of suicidal attempts or active suicidal ideation. The labeling states that nursing mothers should either discontinue liraglutide for chronic weight management or discontinue nursing Novo Nordisk, The labeling states that the safety and effectiveness of liraglutide have not been established in pediatric patients and is not recommended for use in pediatric patients.

In addition, the cardiovascular safety of liraglutide is being investigated in an ongoing cardiovascular outcomes trial. Lingwood stated that there is a critical need for improved technologies to monitor fluid balance and body composition in neonates, particularly those receiving intensive care. Bioelectrical impedance analysis BIA meets many of the criteria required in this environment and appears to be effective for monitoring physiological trends.

These researchers reviewed the literature regarding the use of bioelectrical impedance in neonates. It was found that prediction equations for total body water, extracellular water and fat-free mass have been developed, but many require further testing and validation in larger cohorts. Alternative approaches based on Hanai mixture theory or vector analysis are in the early stages of investigation in neonates.

The authors concluded that further research is needed into electrode positioning, bioimpedance spectroscopy and Cole analysis in order to realize the full potential of this technology. These investigators reviewed available information on the short- and long-term effects of intervention treatment on body fat composition of overweight and obese children and adolescents and, to obtain a further understanding on how different body composition techniques detect longitudinal changes.

A total of 13 papers were included; 7 included a multi-disciplinary intervention component, 5 applied a combined dietary and physical activity intervention and 1 a physical activity intervention. Body composition techniques used included anthropometric indices, BIA, and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry.

Percentage of fat mass change was calculated in when possible. Findings suggested, no changes were observed in fat free mass after 16 weeks of nutritional intervention and the lowest decrease on fat mass percentage was obtained. However, the highest fat mass percentage with parallel increase in fat free mass, both assessed by DXA was observed in a multi-component intervention applied for 20 weeks.

The authors concluded that more studies are needed to determine the best field body composition method to monitor changes during overweight treatment in children and adolescents. Two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts for inclusion, extracted data and rated methodological quality of the included studies. These investigators performed a best evidence synthesis to synthesize the results, thereby excluding studies of poor quality.

They included 50 published studies. Mean differences between BIA and reference methods gold standard [criterion validity] and convergent measures of body composition [convergent validity] were considerable and ranged from negative to positive values, resulting in conflicting evidence for criterion validity. These investigators found strong evidence for a good reliability, i. However, test-retest mean differences ranged from 7.

However, they stated that validity and measurement error were not satisfactory. Goldberg et al stated that the sensory and gastro-intestinal changes that occur with aging affect older adults' food and liquid intake.

Any decreased liquid intake increases the risk for dehydration. This increased dehydration risk is compounded in older adults with dysphagia.

The availability of a non-invasive and easily administered way to document hydration levels in older adults is critical, particularly for adults in residential care. This pilot study investigated the contribution of BIA to measure hydration in 19 older women in residential care: The authors concluded that if results are confirmed through continued investigation, such findings may suggest that long-term care facilities are unique environments in which all older residents can be considered at-risk for dehydration and support the use of BIA as a non-invasive tool to assess and monitor their hydration status.

Buffa et al defined the effectiveness of bioelectrical impedance vector analysis BIVA for assessing 2-compartment body composition. Selection criteria included studies comparing the results of BIVA with those of other techniques, and studies analyzing bioelectrical vectors of obese, athletic, cachectic and lean individuals. A total of 30 articles met the inclusion criteria. The ability of classic BIVA for assessing 2-compartment body composition has been mainly evaluated by means of indirect techniques, such as anthropometry and BIA.

Classic BIVA showed a high agreement with body mass index, which can be interpreted in relation to the greater body mass of obese and athletic individuals, whereas the comparison with BIA showed less consistent results, especially in diseased individuals. The authors concluded that specific BIVA is a promising alternative to classic BIVA for assessing 2-compartment body composition, with potential application in nutritional, sport and geriatric medicine. Haverkort et al noted that BIA is a commonly used method for the evaluation of body composition.

However, BIA estimations are subject to uncertainties. These researchers explored the variability of empirical prediction equations used in BIA estimations and evaluated the validity of BIA estimations in adult surgical and oncological patients. Studies developing new empirical prediction equations and studies evaluating the validity of BIA estimations compared with a reference method were included. Only studies using BIA devices measuring the entire body were included. Studies that included patients with altered body composition or a disturbed fluid balance and studies written in languages other than English were excluded.

To illustrate variability between equations, fixed normal reference values of resistance values were entered into the existing empirical prediction equations of the included studies and the results were plotted in figures. Estimates of the FM demonstrated large variability range relative difference The authors concluded that application of equations validated in healthy subjects to predict body composition performs less well in oncologic and surgical patients.

They suggested that BIA estimations, irrespective of the device, can only be useful when performed longitudinally and under the same standard conditions. Gibson et al stated that VLEDs and ketogenic low-carbohydrate diets KLCDs are 2 dietary strategies that have been associated with a suppression of appetite. However, the results of clinical trials investigating the effect of ketogenic diets on appetite are inconsistent.

To evaluate quantitatively the effect of ketogenic diets on subjective appetite ratings, these researchers conducted a systematic literature search and meta-analysis of studies that assessed appetite with visual analog scales VAS before in energy balance and during while in ketosis adherence to VLED or KLCD.

The student will graduate with a baccalaureate degree in health or public health while earning a certificate in public health from UTHealth Houston SPH. Additionally, they will have the opportunity to complete a Master of Public Health MPH degree program in one additional year instead of the customary two years.

Graduates will be expected to acquire the education, skill-set and experience needed to enter the professional work force in any of the varied fields of public health, or be well prepared to continue with their education through doctoral studies or in professional degrees such as medicine, dentistry and pharmacy.

Students in good standing in the Bachelor of Science in Health or the Bachelor of Science in Public Health program who have a minimum cumulative grade point average of a 3. This coursework will simultaneously satisfy remaining undergraduate requirements, as well as the core courses for the Master of Public Health MPH degree.

After satisfying the undergraduate degree requirements students will then apply for and finish the graduate program. Students may apply for admission into one of the concentrations within the Kinesiology major if they wish to specialize in athletic training, exercise physiology, kinesiology and health science, or physical education. Students may also pursue the major without a concentration.

This also applies to students who are unable to complete one of the concentrations. Academic advising for students seeking the Kinesiology degree is available in the Life and Health Sciences Advising Center. Students who wish to pursue teacher certification will be advised in the Interdisciplinary Education Advising Center. The minimum number of semester credit hours for this degree, including the Core Curriculum requirements, is , of which at least 39 must be at the upper-division level.

Experiential learning is a valuable element for kinesiology professionals. The internship is a time-limited, supervised period of kinesiology activities carried out in a kinesiology-oriented organization. An internship is optional for the students in the Kinesiology major with no concentration.

Students must have the background check completed and accepted by the internship site when the work plan for the internship site when the work plan for the internship is submitted. Students in the Kinesiology major are required to successfully complete all required KIN courses, and select elective courses based on their post-graduate goals. Students become eligible to apply for the Texas state licensure upon completion of this concentration. Students must be accepted into the Athletic Training Apprenticeship Program to pursue this concentration.

The apprenticeship program involves hours of clinical internship over a minimum of five semesters. All kinesiology degree core and support work must be completed with a grade of "C-" or better.

The goal of admission requirements for the Athletic Training concentration is to provide undergraduate students with a program of study with the highest possible standards. To achieve this goal, the admission policy is designed to identify those students most likely to succeed in athletic training. All applicants for admission to the Athletic Training concentration will be initially admitted to the Kinesiology program without a concentration.

In order for a student to declare the Athletic Training concentration, a student must be admitted to the Athletic Training Apprenticeship Program, and meet the following academic criteria. To declare an Athletic Training concentration, a Kinesiology major must have:. For a complete listing of courses that satisfy the Core Curriculum requirements, see Core Curriculum Component Area Requirements above. Students in the Athletic Training concentration are required to successfully complete all required HTH and KIN courses, and select designated elective courses based on their post-graduate goals.

Students are trained for careers in exercise science. To achieve this goal, the admission policy is designed to identify those students most likely to succeed in kinesiology education. Academic performance for declaration of the Exercise Physiology concentration will be evaluated after the following criteria has been met:. Kinesiology majors with Exercise Physiology concentration are eligible to apply for an internship if they:.

Prior work experience is defined as an experience that is at least equivalent to what students will earn in a hour internship. Both the length and quality of the experience will be evaluated. This concentration is suited for students who are taking prerequisite courses for medical schools or graduate programs in health professions e.

Students who are interested in applying to these programs are encouraged to meet with their academic advisor and consult with the UTSA Health Professions Office.

The goal of admission requirements for the Kinesiology and Health Science concentration is to provide undergraduate students with a program of study with the highest possible standards. All applicants for admission to the Kinesiology and Health Science concentration will be initially admitted to the Kinesiology program without a concentration. In order for a student to declare the Kinesiology and Health Science concentration must meet the following academic criteria. To declare an Kinesiology and Health Science concentration, a Kinesiology major must have:.

An internship is optional for the students in the Kinesiology major with a concentration in Kinesiology and Health Science. Students in the Kinesiology and Health Science concentration are required to successfully complete all required KIN courses, and select designated elective courses based on their post-graduate goals. Students are prepared for careers in teaching physical education pre-kindergarten—grade Academic advising for students seeking the Kinesiology degree is available in the Interdisciplinary Education Advising Center.

These courses require an advisor code and are restricted to students who have applied and been accepted into the Teacher Certification Program. All the courses listed for the Physical Education Concentration 84 hours are required for teacher certification in physical education.

Only the courses marked with an asterisk are restricted and require an advisor code and acceptance into the Teacher Certification Program. Advisor codes for these classes will be issued only if all prerequisites have been completed. Didactic and introductory supervised experiences are part of the curriculum and serve as a foundation for the Master of Dietetics Studies MDS.

Students must meet all admission requirements to seek the dual B. Successful completion of both degrees certifies the student as eligible to take the national exam to become a Registered Dietitian RD.

Students admitted into the undergraduate program are not guaranteed placement into the MDS unless they maintain a 3. Students on the B. Some of the requirements are known to be a good predictor of achievement in the graduate professional phase of the Coordinated Program in Dietetics. Admission into the major as part of a cohort group occurs in the Fall Semester. In order to declare a major in Nutrition and Dietetics, a student must meet the following criteria:.

Transfer students must meet all the above criteria and meet all the UTSA undergraduate admission requirements. Official transcripts from all institutions attended must be submitted.

A criminal background check is required during the semesters in which a student enrolls in field-based practicums. Students will be required to complete a Criminal Record Check for practicums associated with schools, healthcare facilities, hospitals and clinics. It is the responsibility of the student to determine if his or her criminal history background will present a problem before applying for admission to the program.

Students with problematic criminal history will not be able to complete most of the field experiences that are required by the program. This course sequence guide is designed to assist students in completing their UTSA undergraduate degree requirements that are part of the Coordinated Program in Dietetics.

This is merely a guide and students must satisfy other admission requirements for the Coordinated Program in Dietetics; and meet with their advisor for individualized degree plans. Students may choose to take core and support courses during Summer terms to reduce course loads during long semesters. Courses in the Nutrition and Dietetics Program are only offered once a year, according to the guide below. The practicum courses involve traveling off campus to affiliation sites.

Check the University Schedule of Classes or with the instructor to plan the rest of the course schedule accordingly. All students pursuing the Minor in Community Health must complete the following 18 semester credit hours:.

All students pursuing the Minor in Wellness must complete the following 18 semester credit hours:. To declare a Minor in Community Health or Wellness or to obtain advice, students should consult their academic advisor. All students pursuing a Certificate in Athletic Coaching must complete the following 15 semester credit hours:.

This course is designed to provide teacher certification students with the opportunity to gain developmentally appropriate knowledge and skills in health and environmental safety. It will address health-related issues in personal, interpersonal, and community settings and creating a safe teaching environment.

Offered Spring Semester only. Introduction to Community and Public Health. This course is a survey of the profession of public health and the competencies required of health educators, including examination of philosophies, ethics and current trends.

This course serves as a foundation for other courses in the health degree. Emphasizes the concept of mind, body, and spirit as necessary components of total well-being; principles of preventive health; and self-responsibility for personal health behaviors. This course introduces students to practices and skills that are commonly used in community health and preventive health services. These include health screening skills and skills for communicating and interpreting screening results.

The course offers hands-on practice of these skills. Database Management in Community and Public Health. This course will focus on practical issues in database management. Students will learn how to perform basic query and reporting operations, migrate data between various file formats, share data using cloud data management systems such as Dropbox, prepare data for statistical analysis, conduct statistical analyses common in community and public health, perform data quality control and assurance procedures and develop formal documents for reporting outcomes.

Survey of Drugs and Health. Study of the use and abuse of drugs and other substances. Examines addiction, dependence, tolerance, motivation for use, and effects of substance abuse on health and society. Survey of Human Nutrition. An overview approach to understanding the principles of nutrition and their effect on health and fitness. Emphasis on major nutritional issues throughout the human life cycle; self-evaluation of diet and fitness habits.

Survey of Human Sexuality. A study examining the breadth of human sexuality, including psychosocial, cultural and physical aspects, and its impact on our lives. Principles of Weight Management. An in-depth study of the field of prevention and management of obesity. This course provides practical application of nutritional, psychological, and physical activity principles that help individuals manage their own weight and is suitable for students in health, kinesiology, psychology, biology, counseling, or others.

A noncompetitive, monitored activity component is required. Physical Activity and Health. The course provides a survey of the health-related effects and social-cultural and behavioral determinants of physical activity and exercise. Theories of Health Behavior. Designed to provide an overview of health behavior theories, program planning models and multi-level interventions typically used in public health.

Each level of the socio-ecological model will be discussed including individual, interpersonal, organization, community and policy. Directed field experience is required. Formerly titled "Foundations of Health Theory.

Study of community health problems and the function and organization of public, private, and voluntary health agencies, application of health theories and models and program planning methods.

Offered Fall Semester only. Organization, administration, and supervision of health programs in the community, school, business, or industry setting.

Application of health theories, models and program planning methods is required. Application of theories and models for program development, implementation and evaluation. Health majors and minors only. Physical, social, and psychological development throughout the lifespan. Implications for health professionals at all stages of development prenatal to death are addressed.

Practical application of techniques for shaping healthier emotional behavior; emphasis on personality, stress management, and fulfilling relationships. Child and Adolescent Health Promotion. Designed for students who are interested in promoting the health of youth, as well as those students pursuing academic training in education and community health. The primary goal of this course is to improve the health literacy of teachers and health promotion specialists through understanding and application of evidence-based child and adolescent health promotion concepts.

Program Planning and Evaluation. This course provides students with a basic understanding of planning, implementing, and evaluating health promotion programs in a variety of settings, including worksite, healthcare, and community and at a various levels individual, organization, community, policy. Human Disease and Epidemiology. An in-depth look at the etiology, prevention, and treatment of chronic and contagious diseases afflicting humans and epidemiological methods.

An in-depth study of human sexuality, including psychosocial, cultural and physical aspects. An in-depth examination of the principles of nutrition and their effects on health and fitness. Emphasis on critical thinking and translation of nutritional knowledge to real-world settings. Includes self-evaluation of diet and fitness habits. Application of health theories and models for program development, implementation, and evaluation in nutritional context.

Environmental Health and Safety. Considers applicable factors of ecology, including problems related to water, waste, pesticides, foods, radiation, population, and other aspects of the total ecosystem, as well as personal and occupational safety within these parameters.

Capstone for Community Health and Preventive Services. This course aids students in synthesizing their classroom and internship experiences to reinforce critical skills and key responsibilities for Health Educators. This course will provide students with an overview of resources, skills, and recommendations regarding their professional development. Student is required to have a cumulative grade point average of 2.

The opportunity for work experience in a private or public health-related agency. Opportunities are developed in consultation with the faculty advisor and on-site coordinator. Special Studies in Health. Organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study in an area of health not available as part of the regular course offerings. Enrollment limited to candidates for honors in the Department of Health and Kinesiology during the last two semesters; consent of the Honors College.

Supervised research and preparation of an honors thesis. Practice in the techniques of individual physical activities. Sections focus on particular sports or fitness activities as indicated in the Schedule of Classes. Freshman Topics in Kinesiology. This course is designed to help students acquire the tools and life skills necessary to succeed in college and the future.

The curriculum is an overview of topics including: Practice in the techniques of team sports. Sections focus on particular sports as indicated in the Schedule of Classes. Generally offered Fall, Spring. Computer Applications in Kinesiology and Health. Application of computer and multimedia technology in Kinesiology and Health disciplines.

Lifetime Fitness Activity Instruction. Practice in delivering instructions in lifetime fitness activities for adults. These activities include cycling, hiking, jogging, golf, badminton and tennis. Fitness and Wellness Concepts. This course is designed to provide students with developmentally appropriate knowledge and skills in health and fitness. The course will address health-related issues in personal, interpersonal, and community settings. An individual fitness requirement may be required.

This course examines the word roots, prefixes, suffixes and terms used in medicine and clinical exercise. A major focus will be on the terms used in the major organ systems of the body, diseases, injuries, and medical treatments. First Aid and CPR. A study of basic first aid procedures, cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR , automated external defibrillation AED , and blood borne pathogens.

Upon successful completion of this course students will be able to sit for national certification in first aid and CPR. Study of the history and philosophy of physical activity, and an introduction to anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, motor behavior, and psychology of exercise and sport.

This course will also introduce careers in kinesiology and the requirements for graduation with a degree in kinesiology. Formerly titled "Cultural and Scientific Foundations of Kinesiology.

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