In a routine DNA paternity test, the markers used are short tandem repeats STRs , short pieces of DNA that occur in highly differential repeat patterns among individuals. They added more perfume to Febreze, and they encouraged customers to spray Febreze after freshly making a bed or vacuuming. This will make you more likely to drive through the routine to get the reward. Want more news like this? I am extremely happy that people like Raveena Tandon, our chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan have liked my dance. Night curfew on, internet suspended as city remains tense.
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After a DIY finger prick, you send your blood samples to a lab where they are used to identify a series of biomarkers that look for genetic variations in your DNA that affect how you break down and metabolize foods. Finally, consumers provide a series of body metrics like height, weight, and waist circumference as well as lifestyle habit like how often a person walks, runs, or exercises.
When Habit launches its first home testing kits and food delivery services in January, it will likely be the first personalized direct-to-consumer complete nutrition program, suggesting foods not based on calories, nutrient-type, or quantity, but on how your own personal genetic makeup responds to food, and providing customers with food deliveries, follow up testing, and nutrition coaches. For example, some consumers those lucky few could be advised that their bodies process carbohydrates best, while others could be told that they are something called a protein seeker and would thus benefit from a diet high in protein and low in carbohydrates and fat, as their bodies have a harder time processing those sugars and refined carbohydrates.
Others may find they are particularly fast metabolizers, and need to eat more calories than most people. The biomarkers can tell you other, more subtle things too, like how well you metabolize caffeine. Science seems to back up this idea. In a study in the journal Cell , researchers gave people the exact same meal and then tested their glucose levels soon after.
They found that despite the meals being identical, the glucose levels among the group varied drastically. This was true not only for foods high in sugar like ice cream but also in foods with lower glycemic indexes, like whole-grain bread. This study also found that a genetics-based personal meal plan helped to decrease post-meal glucose levels overall. Other studies have found similar results, and the idea of personalized nutrition is currently a large area of research. For him, expensive DNA testing and food tailoring helped him lose 25 pounds and brought his body back to his former triathlon-racing self.
His goal for Habit was to make this kind of service affordable for everyone. Food and follow up testing, which can be done two to three months after, is not included in the initial cost. Still, Habit is in its early stages and in a similar light researchers are still attempting to uncover all the factors that influence how we digest and metabolize food.
As such, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics does not recommend nutrigenetic testing as a means of providing dietary advice on the grounds that it does not have enough evidence-based studies to prove effectiveness. Studies also show that the gut microbiome could have a significant effect on how we break down foods, as well as what nutrients and calories we extract from them.
Further, depending on what a person eats, the gut microbiome can change, potentially altering what might be suggested as the best food to eat for that person's body. How does an isolated, blue-collar town recover from the worst drug epidemic in U. Economists studying national trends say people should simply vacate towns like Hagerstown—and seek work elsewhere. Situated near the Potomac River and what was once Western Maryland and West Virginia coal country, Hagerstown served as a vital gateway to the fertile Midwest.
But the current economic picture in Hagerstown stands in stark contrast to the days when it earned its Hub City nickname—when five major passenger and freight lines merged here in a way that resembled the spokes of a wheel. Consider, for example, that three of the four railroad properties on the Monopoly board were spokes in that Hagerstown hub, connecting the city to Richmond, Washington, Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and New York.
In the first decades after World War II, during the early rumblings of the automobile age, Hagerstown continued to thrive, becoming a trucking hub as well a rail hub. Now, however, nearly all of the rails leading into downtown have been removed. After the public schools and hospital, the largest employers in Washington County today are the sprawling Citi and First Data call centers. Even as other Rust Belt towns decline—losing union jobs, community, status, and a general hope for a brighter future—the numbers in Hagerstown are startling when you step back and look at them.
In a Brookings Institution study of metropolitan areas that specialized in manufacturing from , the Hagerstown-Martinsburg West Virginia area had the second-highest percentage of industry job change in the U. Meanwhile, health care, housing, and education costs have skyrocketed over the ensuing decades, but wages, adjusted for inflation, have remained essentially flat in Hagerstown, growing just 5 percent in total over that year span.
More than 80 percent of students at three Hagerstown public schools receive free or reduced-priced lunches. Six years ago, at an I coalition meeting of stakeholders, Western Maryland state police commander Lt. They buy the stuff to cut it, the right color dye, and press in a number or an initial, and it looks like the real thing—Percocet or whatever. Kristie Lockhard, a year-old recovering addict volunteering at the event, says when she first started using heroin in , she would drive to Baltimore two or three times a day to buy it.
Quicker than ordering a pizza. More than 1, pounds of prescription medicine is collected in the first two hours of the event, which is held in an empty parking lot outside the county health offices. Add to all of this one more factor: Since the start of the addiction crisis, which now kills more in the U. In the most recent year available , an average of prescriptions for opioids were written for every Washington County residents—nearly twice the national average.
At Meritus Medical Center outside of downtown Hagerstown, nearly three children a week are born addicted to opioids. In a town with two traditional public high schools—North High and South High—it has become the norm for incoming generations to attend several funerals before seeing their first classmate get married.
The crisis, he says, is driving a dramatic increase in infant mortality rates, a bellwether for other social problems. The number of child abuse cases has gone up.
And for the past two-and-a-half decades, the city has taken a public health approach to addiction, offering methadone programs, needle exchanges, HIV testing, and inpatient treatment opportunities before the pharmaceutical industry dumped OxyContin and other opioids onto a naïve market. The rest of the state did not share that history, and Hagerstown and towns like it are dealing with something entirely new. A mortality rate increase for any first-world demographic group had been virtually unheard of for decades, with the exception of Russian men after the collapse of the Soviet Union, a phenomenon blamed on soaring alcoholism rates.
It is a cruel twist that Hagerstown, on the receiving end of so much heroin from Baltimore, has such a shortage of addiction specialists that the Wells House, one of the largest outpatient clinics here, utilizes Baltimore doctors via telemedicine to treat its clients.
Across the country, rural addiction rates have surpassed those in urban areas, yet there is still not a single inpatient drug treatment facility in Washington County. But there is often trauma, or simply the stress of living in poverty, that is putting them under intense pressure.
Men outside a Hammond Street garage. Ten years ago, the Hagerstown native started having seizures once or twice a week that left his muscles tense, his bones aching, and his head feeling like it might explode. Along with a prescription for the anti-seizure medication Topamax, his family doctor prescribed him Vicodin to be taken after each episode.
He liked the feeling the Vicodin gave him and began to sometimes take the pills just for that hydrocodone buzz. The seizures, and the refills, continued for about eight months, then ceased, but Morningstar found himself dependent on the narcotic—physically, mentally, and emotionally. Over a period of about three years, he went from prescription Vicodin to shooting up heroin. Though extreme, the transition seemed gradual. He moved on to milligram Percocet, then milligram.
Then he went from eating it to snorting it. Before long, he was buying heroin because it was cheaper than pills, and he went from snorting to injecting it, simply to maintain the same high—and eventually just to function, if you could call it that. I legitimately thought about that for five or six hours that day. I was gonna overdose and kill myself. But he moved his family to Pennsylvania a couple years ago, leaving Hagerstown behind. Instead, you go get high and forget about it for a while.
Forty-year-old Brooks Zombro, who has lived in Hagerstown his whole life, puts it another way: We kind of got shit pie handed to us. Those kind of manufacturing jobs generally pulled up stakes for cheaper labor in the South or overseas, a trend that has continued. Politically, Washington County has always tilted right. George Wallace campaigned here in and President Donald Trump spoke to a packed hangar at Hagerstown Regional Airport during his campaign in and won the county vote by a margin.
There were a few people dedicated to establishing a Maryland orchestra, a few people trying to revive the Maryland Theatre. There were things going on, but no cohesiveness at the top. One of the biggest mistakes city officials made was failing to sufficiantly upgrade Municipal Stadium, the nearly year-old home of the minor league Hagerstown Suns, or build a new ballpark downtown.
Currently affiliated with the Nationals, the Suns draw a South Atlantic league-low fans per game; Frederick led the Carolina League in attendance from , attracting nearly 5, fans a game.
For a century, Hagerstown had been the dominant city, and Frederick a little cow town. Frederick, which seems worlds away rather than a mere 20 minutes, has benefitted from its MARC train station, which has grown the town into a bedroom community of D. Because of that, its residents have more money and higher expectations, and a strong restaurant base and downtown arts and culture district has grown there, sustained by its community.